Minor surgical procedures are in-office procedures that can treat superficial skin lesions or issues just below the surface. No body cavities are entered and no general anesthesia is used. Suspicious lesions may be biopsied. Anything that is malignant (cancerous) will but referred to a specialist. Most procedures are performed using local anesthesia.
The following is a list of common skin issues treated:
Abscess (drainage and removal) - An abscess is a pocket of
infection. They develop quickly and are very painful. The
surrounding skin is hot and pink.
Actinic Keratosis - These lesions are usually described as feeling like a dry patch that comes and goes until it comes and doesn't go. Often it just looks like a pink or red spot without definite borders. 10-15% of actinic keratosis will progress into squamous cell cancer in 10-15 years.
Cherry Hemangiomas - This is a small non-cancerous, red/purple flat or raised lesion on the skin that is more common in adults.
Ear gauge repair - Ear gauge closure is a minor surgical procedure. New recruits to the armed services are required to close gauge openings if light can pass through the opening.
Infected or Ingrown toenail - In all ages this is a common condition where the corner or side of a toenail cuts into the skin of the toe .The result is pain, redness, swelling and usually infection.
Lipoma - A lipoma is a proliferation of fat cells in a thin, fibrous capsule usually found just below the skin. These are usually not painful unless the size is significant. Genetics may play a role in your chances of getting a lipoma.
Moles - are growths on the skin that are usually brown or black. Moles
can appear anywhere on the skin, alone or in groups. They can be superficial or have a deeper body.
Scar Therapy - A full dermal thickness scar cannot ever be erased although it can be greatly improved. Scars that are thickened and adhered can be softened through scar therapy. To improve scars the red or brown can be pulled and the dermis can be stimulated to improve thin scars or stretch marks.
Sebaceous cyst - a small, slow-growing, noncancerous bump beneath the
skin surface. It forms from a blocked sebaceous gland.
Sebaceous Hyperplasia - This is a disorder of the sebaceous gland in which they become enlarged, producing yellow, shiny bumps on the face. The lesions are 1-2mm and usually have a central pore.
Seborrheic Keratosis - These are benign (non-cancerous) skin growths that start as a flat light tan/brown spots that grow to have a stuck on appearance.
Skin Tags - These usually are small and raised, often with a stalk. Skin tags are non-cancerous. Removal is an easy in office procedure.
Suspicious and unknown lesions - Early detection of skin cancer is extremely important. A lesion that is new, has grown, bleeds easily or has changed color should be assessed and possibly biopsied for further diagnosis.
Sutures - If a cut/laceration needs to be closed in the superficial skin,
sutures are indicated. Sutures hold the skin together allowing the body
to heal the wound.
Warts - Warts present in many different forms. They often have a
crusty, cauliflower appearance. Several options for removal are made available.